Athens (Greek: a θ ή ν α, ATH í Na, [a ˈ θ ina]; ancient Greek: Ἀῆν α ι, re written as ath ē NAI), is the capital of Greece and the largest city in Greece. Athens is located in the southern tip of the Balkans, surrounded by mountains on three sides and by the sea on one side. It is 8 km away from falilong Bay on the Aegean Sea in the southwest, belonging to the subtropical Mediterranean climate. The rivers kiphizos and ilysus pass through the city. There are many hills in the city.
Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world, with a recorded history of more than 3000 years. Now Athens is the eighth largest city in Europe. Athens is the economic, financial, industrial, political and cultural center of Greece. Athens is also one of the business centers of the European Union. The urban population is 3.3 million, and the suburban population is 3.8 million. The area of the city is 39 square kilometers, plus the suburbs is 412 square kilometers.
Ancient Athens is a powerful city- and a world-famous cultural ancient city. Greece is the cradle of western philosophy and the place where Plato academy and Aristotle lecture. Socrates, Herodotus, Pericles, Sophocles, Aristophanes, Euripides, Aeschylus and other famous philosophers, politicians and writers were born or lived in Athens. Thestaterefore, Athens is called "the cradle of Western civilization" and the birthplace of democracy. The cultural and political achievements of the 5th and 4th centuries BC had a great influence on the culture of Europe and the world.
Athens still retains a lot of historical sites and a large number of art works, among which the most famous is the Parthenon temple on the Acropolis, which is a symbol of western culture.
Athens is the origin of the modern Olympic Games. The first summer Olympic Games were held in 1896. In 2004, the 28th Summer Olympic Games were held in Athens.
Athens is located at the junction of the Mediterranean climate zone and the alpine climate zone. It is a typical Mediterranean climate. There is a lot of precipitation from the middle of October to the middle of April of the next year. In summer, the rainfall is very small, usually rainstorm or thunderstorm. Because Athens is located in the rain shadow area, Athens is very dry compared with other European cities with Mediterranean climate. The climate in the hilly areas of the northern suburbs is slightly different, with lower temperatures in winter and more snowfall. Fog is rare in the center of the city, but more in the area around Mount imitos in the East.
It snows almost every winter in Athens. Spring and autumn are ideal seasons for sightseeing and outdoor activities. The average maximum temperature is 32 ° C. There are occasional heat waves in July and August every year, with the highest temperature exceeding 38 ° C.